Blood Test Results and Symptom Comparisons

The Beginning of the Disease Process Prior to External Symptoms


Blood Tests

Laminitis

Diabetes Mellitus

Results

Symptoms

Results

Symptoms

     Glucose

Normal to
Low Normal

None

Normal to
low normal

None

     Insulin

High Normal
to Out of Range

High Normal
to Out of Range

Disease Advances with Time

     Glucose

High Normal
to Out of Range

Increased thirst and fluid intake with increased urination

High Normal
to Out of Range

Increased thirst
and fluid intake
with increased urination

     Insulin

Decreases: Normal
to Low Normal

Decreases: Normal
to Low Normal

     Triglycerides

High Normal
to Out of Range

Fat Deposits Become Visible

High Normal
to Out of Range

Weight Gain Begins

     Total Bilirubin

Low Normal

Intestinal pH begins to drop creating an acidic environment

Normal

None

     Direct Bilirubin

High Normal

Disease Progression Due to Glucose Overload

 

Carbohydrates, Grain, & Fructans

Sugars & Carbohydrates

     Glucose

Elevates Out
of Range

Glucose Deprivation to Laminae Cells Resulting in Separation

Elevates Out
of Range

Vision Problems, Peripheral Neuropathy plus more

     Insulin

Low Normal
to Normal

Pancreatic Beta Cells Die-Off Under Increased Load to Secrete Insulin

Low Normal
to Normal

Pancreatic Beta Cells Die-Off Contributing to Glucose Elevation

     Triglycerides

Elevates Out
of Range

Fat Deposits Larger and More Dense

     Total Bilirubin

Low to
Out of Range

pH Continues to Lower.  Acidic Conditions Increase Dramatically

Normal

None

     Direct Bilirubin

High to
Out of Range

Extreme Uncontrolled Metabolic Conditions

     Total Bicarbonate

Low Out
of Range

Potential Progression for Metabolic Acidosis: 
Refer to text.

     Anion Gap

High Out
of Range

This diagram shows the progressive pattern of blood test results and the associated symptoms for Laminitic horses and people with Diabetes Mellitus given no regulation of diet and no glucose lowering intervention. The Results presented are relative ranges taken from the author's patient records and the blood work profiles of horses benefiting from Dr. Thomas' Chinese herbal Laminitis Intervention Program. These are relative rather than absolute values that represent patterns derived from the blood work panels analyzed.

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